Echocardiography

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What means echocardiograpy?

Echocardiography is a non – invasive examination, which is used to assess cardiac function and overall structure.

Reasons of examination

• Atherosclerosis, which causes cardiac failure.
• Cardiomyopathy: enlarged heart or other heart muscle damages.
• Congenital heart disease: defects in one or more heart structures.
• Congestive heart failure. A condition in which the heart muscle is weakened to extent of not effective blood flow, resulting in enhanced fluid accumulation (congestion) in legs, around ankles and in other body parts.
• Aneurysm: dilated heart muscle or the aorta that can cause tissue weakness at the point where aneurysm is localized.
• Heart valve disease: impairment of one or more heart valves, which can cause changes in blood flow to the heart.
• Heart tumors that are located on a nerve to the heart or the outer surface of the heart.
• Pericarditis: inflammation of the pericardium, or infection.

Examination risks

Examinations are non-invasive and painless.

Prior to examination

Usually no special preparation for this examination is required
Tell your doctor about all medications and food supplements that you are taking, as well as if you have a pacemaker.

During the examination

You will be asked to remove jewelry, which could interfere the examination, as well to take off clothes from the chest.
A special gel will be applied to the skin for better manageability of the ultrasonic in tissues. The probe will be placed on the skin and arterial investigation will follow. The ECG monitor recording heart rate will be connected during the procedure.

Echocardiography
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